Foreign citizens and citizens of Ukraine often create families and marry.
The conclusion of marriage from the side of laws is the rights and obligations of each of the spouses.
Having entered into marriage with a citizen of Ukraine, a foreigner receives the right to submit documents for immigration to Ukraine.
Let’s take a closer look below.
Immigration and permanent residence permit in Ukraine
The immigration process consists of 2 parts:
1. Submission of documents for immigration to Ukraine
This is a rather long process, during which the Migration Service, the Security Service of Ukraine, the Ministry of Internal Affairs, the Department for Combating Illegal Migration, Interpol, the Border Guard Service of Ukraine check the submitted documents.
After reviewing the submitted documents, the foreigner receives a positive decision – a copy of the immigration permit or refusal, indicating the reason.
2. Obtaining a form of a permanent residence permit in Ukraine
Submission of documents for a permanent residence permit in Ukraine is based on a permit for immigration to Ukraine, described in paragraph 1 and is considered fairly quickly.
Where did the marriage take place?
Marriage concluded in Ukraine
If the marriage was concluded in Ukraine, there are no special features. It is necessary to check the spelling of the names so that they match the data in the passport documents.
Marriage concluded abroad
If a marriage between a foreigner and a Ukrainian woman or a Ukrainian was concluded abroad, then it must be legalized.
A marriage certificate, a court decision on marriage, etc., must be legalized for use in Ukraine.
The state of Ukraine does not know anything about what is written in a document issued in another country, and cannot verify its authenticity.
For such cases, many countries have signed the Hague Convention on the Recognition of Documents.
If the country in which the marriage took place is a party to the Hague Convention, then the marriage document must be certified with an Apostille.
If the country in which the marriage took place is not a party to the Hague Convention, then it is necessary to contact the Ukrainian Embassy in this country in order to stamp the Ukrainian Embassy in the country of marriage on the document.
The document on marriage abroad must be translated into Ukrainian and notarized.
How long does it take to be married for immigration to Ukraine?
After marriage between a foreign citizen and a citizen of Ukraine, the foreign spouse has the right to apply to the Migration Service of Ukraine for an immigration permit and a permanent residence permit after 2 years of marriage from the date of this marriage.
If the marriage ended earlier, this does not give the right to immigration.
If the marriage ends during the consideration of documents submitted for immigration, the Migration Service of Ukraine will refuse immigration, because there will be no grounds for making a positive decision.
Required documents for immigration to Ukraine
To apply for immigration, the personal presence of both spouses is required.
Everyone must carry a passport. You also need the original marriage certificate.
An extract on the place of registration or a mark in the old-style passport on the registration of the place of residence in Ukraine.
A document on the place of residence in the country of citizenship, legalized, translated into Ukrainian and notarized.
If a foreigner has a residence permit, it is also required when applying and an extract from the place of registration in Ukraine.
If there is no residence permit, that is, a foreign citizen arrived under the rules of a visa or visa-free regime, then a document on his place of residence is also required.
This document is in the format of a notarized consent of the owner of housing in Ukraine to immigrate and reside at the address of the property.
Address of residence in Ukraine during immigration
A very important component when submitting documents for obtaining migration status is the submission of truthful statements.
In Ukraine, foreigners often do not understand that the address of registration (propiska) or the notarial consent of the owner of the housing must be at their actual address of residence in Ukraine.
If a foreign citizen has received a temporary residence permit by marriage with a citizen of Ukraine for the purpose of family reunification, after obtaining a residence permit, he has an obligation.
Within 30 calendar days from the date of issuance of a residence permit in Ukraine, register at the address of residence.
If housing is rented, owners are often against anyone registering. In this case, we advise you to look for other rental accommodation.
If you register at an address where you do not live, there are quite a lot of such addresses on the Internet, and apply for immigration to Ukraine, in 99% of cases you will get a refusal.
Because at the address of residence will be checked. And if you don’t live there, then you filed false statements.
Should you have a temporary residence permit before applying for immigration to Ukraine?
There is no obligation in Ukrainian legislation regarding previously obtained temporary residence permits.
A foreign citizen can marry a citizen of Ukraine and never before apply for a temporary residence permit in Ukraine before applying for immigration.
This does not affect the review process or the right to apply for immigration to Ukraine in any way.
Residence in Ukraine before immigration
In Ukrainian legislation, there is no obligation to reside for a certain number of years in Ukraine before applying for immigration for family reunification with a citizen of Ukraine.
A foreigner could marry a citizen of Ukraine in another country and come for the first time to apply for immigration to Ukraine.
This does not in any way limit or affect his rights in submitting documents for consideration in order to obtain permission to immigrate to Ukraine.
Visa D-01 for permanent residence
To apply for immigration to Ukraine, you must be legally in the country. That is, a foreigner can come on a short-term visa if he is from a country with a visa regime with Ukraine.
Can come under the rules of a visa-free regime with Ukraine, if his citizenship allows it.
After reviewing the documents for immigration to Ukraine, the Migration Service of Ukraine gives a conclusion – permission to immigrate or refusal to immigrate to Ukraine.
If you have received an immigration permit, it is valid for 1 year from the date of issue of such permit.
For this 1 year, while the permit for immigration to Ukraine is valid, you need to apply for a permanent residence permit in Ukraine.
To do this, you need a visa type D-01 for the purpose of immigration.
Such a visa can be obtained only after obtaining permission to immigrate to Ukraine.
To do this, you need to contact the embassy of Ukraine. Visas are not issued on the territory of Ukraine.
When is it not necessary to get a visa?
A D-01 visa for the purpose of immigration does not need to be obtained by citizens of 6 countries:
Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Moldova and Uzbekistan.
Visa D-01 can not be obtained by all foreign citizens, only in one case – the presence of a valid temporary residence permit in Ukraine.
In this case, you can submit documents to the Migration Service of Ukraine for a permanent residence permit in Ukraine.
Terms of consideration of immigration and permanent residence permit in Ukraine
Consideration of submitted documents for immigration to Ukraine is 12 months from the date of submission of documents.
You can apply for immigration by marriage only with the personal presence of the husband and wife.
You cannot submit documents by power of attorney, through relatives, etc.
After obtaining an immigration permit, a foreign citizen has the right to submit documents for consideration to the Migration Service in order to obtain a permanent permit or residence by marriage.
The term for consideration of submitted documents for obtaining a permanent residence permit is 24 calendar days.
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